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So really plants, and the invertebrates that followed them, made the habitats that allowed our distant relatives to make the transition from life on water to life on land.” – Neil Shubin, author of Your Inner Fish, in an interview with Cara Santa Maria on episode 107 of her podcast, Talk Nerdy To Me Plants were not the first living beings to colonize land – microorganisms have been terrestrial for what could be as long as 3.5 billion years, and lichens first formed on rocks somewhere between 550 and 635 million years ago – however, following in the footsteps of these other organisms, land plants paved the way for all other forms of terrestrial life as they migrated out of the waters and onto dry land.
The botanical invasion of land was a few billion years in the making and is worth a post of its own.
Roots provided stability and access to water and nutrients.
There, molds, bacteria, fungi, and a world of invertebrates convert the last molecules of sun-derived plant sugar to new life.“If it wasn’t for the plants, and if it wasn’t for the invertebrates, our ancestors’ invasion of land could never have happened. There would have been no ecosystems for them to populate.So really the whole ecosystem that Tiktaalik and its cousins were moving into back in the Devonian was a new ecosystem. This didn’t exist a hundred million years before – shallow fresh water streams with soils that are stabilized by roots. Because it took plants to do that – to make the [habitats] in the first place. The history of Santa Claus is actually quite interesting, and varies depending upon the country. She is Jewish, owns her own massage business, lives in New York and is a vegetarian. The Welsh name for Santa is 'Sion Gorn' ( pronounced 'Shwn Gorrn' with the 'r's rolled).
3-13-13: Josh continues to date his massage therapist Rachel Beider. Patches of moss can also function as “nurseries for infant trees.” In some instances, mosses inhibit seed germination, but they can also help protect seeds from drying out or being eaten.