Dating musical instruments
In one form or another bugles have been around for centuries.
By the end of the 9th century they had evolved from animal horns to metal shapes called war horns, which were used by the military for signaling. With the advent of the American Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars, it wasn’t long before posts put together corps to participate and compete in local parades.
That instrument was the Precision Bass®, a name that would not only become synonymous with rock ‘n’ roll, but also shape its very being.
As time went on, we created new instruments to cater to a new, evolving type of musician: the electric bassist.
Researchers were studying a modern human settlement called Geißenklösterle, a part of the Swabian caves system in southern Germany, when they came across the bone flutes.
One is made of mammoth ivory, while the other seems to be made of bones from a bird.
"The question is what effect this downturn might have had on the people in Europe at the time."This site was inhabited by modern humans, the researchers said, but it's possible that Neanderthals were also in the area at the same time, though they haven't been able find evidence of any cultural contact or interbreeding between the two groups in this part of Europe.
The study was published May 8 in the Journal of Human Evolution.
This culture alsocreated the oldest known example of art meant to represent a person, found in the same cave system in 2008 (that statue seems to be about 35,000 years old).The musical instruments indicate that these early humans were sharing songs and showing artistic creativity even earlier than previously thought.The researchers radiocarbon-dated bones found in the same layer of the archaeological dig as the flutes.This carbon dating uses the level of radioactive carbon, which is naturally occurring in the world and decays predictably into nonradioactive carbon, to estimate the age of organic materials.
They found the objects were between 42,000 and 43,000 years old, belonging to the Aurignacian culture dating from the upper Paleolithic period.They also found a collection of perforated teeth, ornaments and stone tools at the site."These results are consistent with a hypothesis we made several years ago that the Danube River was a key corridor for the movement of humans and technological innovations into central Europe between 40,000 and 45,000 years ago," study researcher Nick Conard, of Tübingen University, said in a statement."Geißenklösterle is one of several caves in the region that has produced important examples of personal ornaments, figurative art, mythical imagery and musical instruments.