Lactation dating relationship
Its production was halted during Prohibition because it contained more than 0.5 percent alcohol. For example, women in Mexico are encouraged to drink as much as two liters ( i. , one-half gallon) of pulque - a low-alcohol beverage made from the fermented juice of the plant Agave atrovirens - daily during both pregnancy and lactation. New findings relevant to this and other questions can be found in Alcohol Alert, the quarterly bulletin published by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
Even in modern times, alcohol continues to be hailed as an agent that promotes lactation (i. Similarly, Indochinese women in California drink wine steeped with herbs, and in Germany malt beer is considered a magic elixir. Alcohol consumption among lactating women also is common in the United States. Alcohol Alert provides timely information on alcohol research and treatment.
Its release from the pituitary gland in response to suckling or other stimuli causes certain cells around the mammary glands to contract, thereby expelling the milk from the glands into small ducts leading to the nipple. The infant rat learns about alcohol through interaction with an intoxicated mother. Based on this science, it would seem that the recommendation for a nursing mother to drink a glass of beer or wine shortly before nursing may actually be counterproductive.Throughout most of human evolution, infants for several years after birth received their nutrients primarily from their mothers in the form of breast milk.Whether these women were drinking in response to the folklore mentioned above is not known. 53) describes the nature and consequences of common alcohol-associated cognitive defects, explores the extent to which some cognitive abilities recover with abstinence, and summarizes recent research on the effects of cognitive deficits on alcoholism treatment outcome.
A recent study has indicated, however, that lactating women who were either encouraged to drink or received no advice at all about alcohol reported drinking significantly more than did women who were advised not to drink (Mennella 1997). For a free subscription to Alcohol Alert, write to: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Attn.: Alcohol Alert, Publications Distribution Center, P. Thus, if an infant is hungry and nurses strongly, the resulting high levels of prolactin released from the pituitary gland ensure sufficient milk production to meet the infant s needs.