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The possibility of preservation also depends on the material.Wooden objects and wooden structures in most circumstances do not survive very long (although wood does survive better in wet conditions than dry, and the wooden hulls of ships are sometimes preserved for thousands of years under the sea floor).
The age of an individual died can be determined by looking at the knitting of the suture on the cranium, which closes as people age, and by noting how worn the teeth are.
Archaeology is the study of historic or prehistoric people and their culture through the study of their artifacts, monuments and other items they left behind.
The word archaeology is derived from the Greek words “archeo,” meaning “chief” and “ology” meaning “study of”.
Archaeologists seek out trash dumps, which often contain vital clues to unmasking everyday life.
The fact that archaeologists are much more skilled at gleaning large amounts of information from ancients scraps that previously would have been discarded has meant that process of excavating take much longer.It tells us certain things definitively: where people lived; what kinds of houses they lived in; how many of their houses were clustered together (in other words, the size of their villages) and how close or far apart from one another they lived; what they ate (based upon the analysis of animal and fish bones in their garbage heaps); how they disposed of dead people; and what kinds of implements they used, especially pottery, stone objects, and weapons.