Porcelain dating marks

12-Jul-2020 05:06

porcelain dating marks-89

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Although the original Meissen factory eventually prosecuted the use of these marks by others, most imitators just changed their marks slightly and continued to use them as before.Most of these changes were very minor, like a line or two across the crossed swords, or by placing numerous dots or numbers next to them, or curving the swords a bit, or even using just a couple of crossed lines (swords without handles).After analyzing this local “mud”, they finally came up with a mixture of Kaolin and Clay that, after several refinements in terms of the required proportions, yielded the desired properties to be the first “real” porcelain ever made in a Western country. Within a couple of years, in 1710, Augustus II the Strong, the then ruler of Saxony where the towns of Meissen and Dresden are located, financed and established a factory, with Bottger as its first Director (Tschirnhaus died in 1708).This was the very first porcelain manufacturer in Europe and was appropriately named “Royal Porcelain Manufactory in Meissen” only a few miles away from Dresden.Porcelain marks are usually identified by naming the original manufacturer or maker and dating them to a certain period.In this fashion, if a pair of Urns are marked with a Sevres mark that dates ca 1800 – 1820s, we call them “A Pair of Sevres Porcelain Urns, ca 1800–1820s” and that’s it!

However, there are groups of porcelain marks that are identified based on the location of the maker rather than the actual company, which can be confusing.This triggered a huge market of wares made by others, some of equivalent quality as the authentic Meissen, but having their marks appear as imitations or at least very similar to the original marks used by Meissen.